Disability is the condition of having a part of the body not functioning as expected. Disabilities include those of being blind, crippled and deaf. Many people with total or partial disability face many challenges in society. They are mostly treated as outsiders or people that are not fit to be in society. Such stigma has led people with disabilities to feel inferior and unwanted. In some severe cases, some people have taken their lives over the years. These concerns have led to the birth of many human rights groups to make people with disabilities to feel accepted and loved and live their lives to the fullest. This article explores all aspects of disability including the types of disabilities and the rights of people living with disabilities.
The various types of disabilities
It is critical to understand the various disabilities that people have. Some are inborn while others are as a result of accidents. Mental disability is common where the thinking and reasoning capability is quite low. That is exhibited through diseases such as Downs’s syndrome. People that suffer from such disability normally have a problem with speech and their brain development is slow. Another condition is dyslexia where patients have problems in interpreting numbers and letters normally but instead interpret them backwards. Such patients need utmost care and protection. You can install a fence in your home as a protection measure. For the best fence contractors houston tx, look at gardenfence.over-blog.com.
However, not all people that show signs of slow development have special needs. Conditions of the environment might have an effect in development. For this reason, it is vital to know the main signs of disability. First off, there are visible signs that are outright where one might be missing a hand or cannot walk and see. If the visible signs cannot be seen, people need to be on the look out for mental and behavioral indicators when they spend time with people they suspect to have special needs. When interacting with such people, be on the look out for response. How do the people respond to situations of stress and normalcy? How do they solve problems? That way, it is easy to tell if someone has special needs instead of making conclusions from vague signs.
Physical disabilities are mainly caused by accidents and cause people to have a problem in walking, hearing, talking, seeing or moving certain parts of their bodies. Even small things such as blur vision of failing to hear from both ears are considered disabilities. Most workers that work in factories need to be covered as they work with machines that are likely to cause injury after accidents. Severe accidents might result in long term disability that can be a great blow to the finances of people. Therefore, if you are working in a department where machinery is used, ensure that the company offers different options of security or benefits. These include:
• Purchasing long-term disability insurance as part of your benefits and self-insurance. If this is the case, the ERISA (Employee Retirement Income Security Act) is in charge of the administration of these benefits.
• Getting benefits through programs established by city state employers. A viable example is the ASRS (Arizona State Retirement System). Such programs have specific guidelines that must be met.
• Receiving disability benefits from your SSA (Social Security Administration) either via the SSI (Supplemental Security Income) or SSDIB (Social Security Disability Insurance Benefits). The former is available for people that earn low incomes and have limited family resources while the latter is suitable for people that have worker for many years and meet the criteria.
• Receiving disability benefits through thee workers compensation packages. The benefits are available for short-term and long-term disabilities, as well as, partial and permanent disabilities. However, this option is only available if the injury or condition arose during your employment.
At times, it might be possible to get the benefits from multiple programs. Hence, engage your disability lawyer to learn the possible options that you can utilize.
After understanding the variety of benefits, you need to know the process of acquiring them. The process varies depending on the program you choose. For example, if you claim the long-term disability benefits through the ARS, Sedgwick claim management service will process the claims. To kick start the process, get an application form from your human resource department and fill as per the requirements. In some cases, insurers, employers and the SSA deny applicants unfairly. Hence, speak to your lawyer about the long-term injury or illness so that you can get the process right from the start. Similarly, they can prosecute your employer if they deny you your benefits.
A look into the different disability rights
People with special needs require additional assistance to go about their daily lives. They are entitled to disability rights under the law that ensures that they are treated equally as those without disabilities. The American disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 is regarded as a major milestone in ensuring equal rights for people living with disability. According to this act, people with HIV are considered disabled while those with disabilities that can be corrected are not protected by this act. Since the 1970s, the movement of disability rights has achieved tremendous milestones in the legislation and state support of people with special needs. The statute prohibits the discrimination against people that have physical and mental impairments in public amenities, employment, transport, telecommunication and society in general. The law dictates that public entities and employers accommodate people with special needs. For example, deaf people might need a language interpreter during a lecture while a blind one might require the braille. Similarly, the act has the responsibility of ensuring access to buildings and other public amenities for people living with disabilities. That includes making sure that the areas are secured by fences that can be easily opened by people with disability such as remote controlled fencing. click for more details on a Houston fence company in your area near you.
The National Voter Registration Act of 1993 is another important statute protecting people with special needs. It gives them the right to vote. This law brought into birth the Voting Accessibility for the Elderly and Handicapped Statute. It requires that all polling stations provide appropriate accommodation to anyone that needs special assistance in order for them to vote. This entails providing transport to and from the station, as well as, providing voting instructions. Security at the stations is also essential and fences can help achieve this. To choose the best residential fencing in Austin, Texas, look at the internet.
The Rehabilitation Act is also critical. It is similar to the ADA in that it hinders discrimination and job loss in the workplace on the basis of disability. However, this law is only applicable for people working in government agencies. It requires that each state agency enforce specific regulations against discrimination for the purpose of maintaining disability rights. For instance, kids that attend public schools are entitled to get special care such as bigger desk space if on a wheelchair. They also need to feel safe and fences are a good source of security in the schools. If you want the best vinyl fencing in San Diego, California, look at internet. Also, in state workplaces, the law dictates that proper communication procedures be provided to people with hearing and vision impairments. Most importantly, the state is also expected to provide equal access to all programs within the organization.
The rights discussed are meant to provide equal opportunity to people with special needs. Therefor, they need to be understood accordingly. A lawyer can help you internalize them well to make sure that your rights are not violated.
Handling people living with disability
Apart from understanding the disability acts, people living with disability need special care. For instance, they need to be loved. Parents or guardians, as well as, siblings need to engage in counseling and programs to help offer all-round care to the disabled. Similarly, security is critical. Homes and schools should be fenced to prevent those particularly with mental disability from wandering away. For selection of the right stone fence in Houston, Texas you can find different websites on the internet.
People with special needs also need to be accommodated accordingly especially in their homes. For instance, those with wheelchairs need lifts and ramps to maneuver the compound and homes. Also, they need not feel inferior and therefore should perform activities that other people do such as opening gates. At this point, getting the right combination of security is critical.
The people with special needs also need to relax and enjoy life like others do. They should be taken out to play and have fun. Unfortunately, some become bed ridden when their conditions get worse. But, that does not mean that they cannot enjoy the beauty of the outdoors. You can install a beautiful fence around your home to add life. That way, the people with special needs can peep through the window and get revitalized or go for short walks around the compound admiring the fence. For the best picket fences in Kansas City, Missouri don’t forget to search out the internet.…